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Respiratory System Examination

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May 24, 2018

Intro (WIIPPPPE) Wash your hands Introduce yourself Identity of patient – confirm Permission (consent and explain examination) Pain? Position at 45° Privacy Expose chest fully   General Inspection Surroundings Monitoring: pulse oximeter ECG monitoring  Treatments: Oxygen therapy (method of delivery, rate, sats, humidified, venturi) Inhalers Blue (reliever, short-acting B2 agonist e.g. salbutamol) Brown (preventer, corticosteroids… Read More ›

Respiratory Regulation of Acid Base Balance

Rapid changes in ventilation cause changes in pH due to shifting CO2 concentrations. When alveolar ventilation changes, the partial pressure of CO2 in the arteries changes. Since CO2 is lipid soluble, it can easily cross the lipid bilayer and Cross the membranes. The change in arterial pH is picked by central & peripheral chemo receptors… Read More ›

Pneumonia and How to Treat It Effectively

What is pneumonia? Pneumonia is an infection in one or both lungs. It can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi. Bacterial pneumonia is the most common type in adults. Pneumonia causes inflammation in the air sacs in your lungs, which are called alveoli. The alveoli fill with fluid or pus, making it difficult to… Read More ›

Respiratory Acidosis

Respiratory acidosis is a condition that occurs when the lungs can’t remove enough of the carbon dioxide (CO2) produced by the body. Excess CO2 causes the pH of blood and other bodily fluids to decrease, making them too acidic. Normally, the body is able to balance the ions that control acidity. This balance is measured… Read More ›

Examination of the Respiratory System

Examination of the Respiratory System Download PDF

Bronchial carcinoma

Bronchial carcinoma is the most common malignant tumor worldwide, with around 1.4 million deaths annually. It is the third most common cause of death in the UK after ischaemic heart disease and cerebrovascular disease and is now the commonest cause of cancerrelated death in both men and women. Rates are declining in men but still… Read More ›

Asthma

Asthma is a common lung condition that causes occasional breathing difficulties. It affects people of all ages and often starts in childhood, although it can also develop for the first time in adults. There’s currently no cure, but there are simple treatments that can help keep the symptoms under control so it doesn’t have a… Read More ›

Pulmonary Embolism

What is pulmonary embolism? Pulmonary embolism is the sudden blockage of a major blood vessel (artery) in the lung, usually by a blood clot camera.gif. In most cases, the clots are small and are not deadly, but they can damage the lung. But if the clot is large and stops blood flow to the lung,… Read More ›

Emphysema

Overview Emphysema is a lung condition that causes shortness of breath. In people with emphysema, the air sacs in the lungs (alveoli) are damaged. Over time, the inner walls of the air sacs weaken and rupture — creating larger air spaces instead of many small ones. This reduces the surface area of the lungs and,… Read More ›

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