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A Guide to Drugs for Arrhythmia

May 22, 2018

Visit our new website– An arrhythmia is a condition in which the heart beats too quickly, too slowly, or irregularly. In many cases, the arrhythmia may not be serious or require any treatment at all. However, if your doctor finds that the arrhythmia could lead to more serious heart problems, they may prescribe medication…. Read More ›

Normal ECG – Rate, Rhythm, Cardiac Axis, and Normal Waves & Intervals in an ECG

Visit our new website- This article discusses the rate, rhythm, cardiac axis, and normal waves & intervals in an ECG. Normal Waves in ECG P wave It is a small upward deflection representing atrial depolarization. It should be upright in leads I, II, aVF, and V2-V6 and inverted in aVR. P wave is normally… Read More ›

Baroreceptor Mechanism

Visit our new website– Arterial blood pressure is normally regulated within a narrow range, with a mean arterial pressure typically ranging from 85 to 100 mmHg in adults. It is important to tightly control this pressure to ensure adequate blood flow to organs throughout the body. This is accomplished by negative feedback systems incorporating… Read More ›


What is endocarditis? Endocarditis is inflammation of your heart’s inner lining, called the endocardium. It’s usually caused by bacteria. When the inflammation is caused by infection, the condition is called infective endocarditis. Endocarditis is uncommon in people with healthy hearts.   What are the symptoms of endocarditis? The symptoms of endocarditis aren’t always severe, and they may… Read More ›

Coronary Heart Disease (CHD)

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is one of the major causes of death. CHD is sometimes called ischaemic heart disease. Symptoms of CHD The main symptoms of CHD are: Angina (chest pain) Hheart attacks Heart failure However, not everyone has the same symptoms and some people may not have any before CHD is diagnosed. Causes of coronary heart disease… Read More ›

Cardiovascular examination

Intro (WIIPPPPE) Wash your hands Introduce yourself Identity of patient – confirm Permission (consent and explain examination) Pain? Position at 45° Privacy Expose chest to waist General Inspection Surroundings Monitoring pulse oximeter ECG monitoring Daily weights/ fluid restriction chart Treatments Oxygen therapy: type (e.g. venturi) and rate (e.g. 25% or 5L) of delivery GTN spray… Read More ›

Heart Attack

A heart attack occurs when the flow of blood to the heart is blocked, most often by a build-up of fat, cholesterol and other substances, which form a plaque in the arteries that feed the heart (coronary arteries). The interrupted blood flow can damage or destroy part of the heart muscle. A heart attack, also… Read More ›

What is dfference between successful thrombolysis and successful reperfusion in STEMI ?

Thrombolytic therapy ,  has been  the specific treatment  for STEMI for  many decades. Primary PCI*  is  shown to be  superior  than  thrombolysis  if   performed   early  by an experienced  team in a dedicated facility. (*Conditions apply). It is estimated ,   currently only a  a fraction  STEMI  population get primary PCI (<5%) in ideal conditions… Read More ›

ECG (EKG) Interpretation

As with all investigations the most important things are your findings on history, examination and basic observations. Having a good system will avoid making errors. To start with we will cover the basics of the ECG, how it is recorded and the basic physiology. The 12-lead ECG misleadingly only has 10 electrodes (sometimes also called… Read More ›

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