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HIV Infection

Mode of transmission

  1. Sexual : homosexual and heterosexual.
  2. Parental : transmission in recipients of blood or blood product andinjection of drug user
  3. Vertical : from mother to baby


Risk factor (patient)

  1. Sexual transmitted infection, especially genital ulcer 
  2. Injection drug use transmission : sharing needle, frequency of use, prostitutes,intravenous use.
  3. Occupational transmission ( nurse, doctor, lab worker ) deep injury,visible blood on device
  4. Vertical transmission : ( peripartum and breast feeding )


Clinical syndrome

  • Mucocutaneous manifestation
  • Gastrointestinal effect
  • Eye disease
  • Hematological complication
  • Renal complication
  • Respiratory complication
  • Cardiac complication
  • Neurological disease


Oral manifestation

  • Oropharyngeal candidiasis
  • Mucosal ulceration in the mouth
  • Oral candidiasis
  • Oral hairy leukoplakia
  • Aphthous ulcer
  • SSC

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Categorised in: Medicine, Surgery

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